What is Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)
It is a disease of the eye that affects the macula and blurs the central vision that one needs for driving and reading. There are 2 types of ARMD: Wet and Dry. One of the leading causes of vision loss, in some cases, it is a disease that progresses very slowly and in others it progresses faster.
This type occurs when abnormal blood vessels behind the retina grow under the macula. Typically in wet AMD, damage to macula and vision loss occurs rapidly.
This type of ARMD happens when light sensitive cells of the macula slowly break down leading to gradual blurring of central vision
Who is at risk of developing ARMD?
Smoking: Research suggests that smoking doubles the risk of ARMD
Genetics: People with a family history of ARMD are at higher risk
Coping with ARMD
Goes without saying that vision loss can profoundly affect your life and your ability to live life the way you used to. You may need to reduce your working hours as well as recreational activities. Your dependence on friends and family is likely to increase and it may take time getting used to. Some of these changes can have a deep impact and can lead to lowered self-esteem, isolation, and depression.
Besides medical attention a person dealing with ARMD must also
• Consult a specialist in low vision aids and get devices and learning skills to help with daily tasks so as minimize impact on everyday routine
• Be positive as you will be able to cope better with ARMD and its effects
• Stay engaged with friends and family