Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness, especially if it is left untreated. Although there is no cure for Glaucoma and vision that has been lost cannot come back, further loss of vision can be halted with medicines and / or surgery. It is important to diagnose the condition at the earliest and then monitored for life.
Glaucoma is caused due to increased eye pressure that damages the optic nerve leading to irreversible blindness.
A question often arises in one’s mind as to “Who is at risk of developing Glaucoma”. The truth is that everyone - right from newborn to senior citizens can develop Glaucoma. Geriatrics are at higher risk but babies can be born with Glaucoma.
Open Angle Glaucoma, which is the most common form of Glaucoma has virtually no symptoms. An increase in eye pressure seldom causes discomfort, which is why it is not easy to detect. Normally, vision loss in Glaucoma begins with loss in side or peripheral vision but you may sub-consciously turn your head to the side to compensate for this vision loss, thereby not noticing the problem. The best solution is to get yourself examined on a regular basis so that corrective measures, if needed, can be taken in a timely manner. There are 40% chances that you could have glaucoma if your family member suffers from it.
If you are tested positive for Glaucoma, it is imperative to commence treatment immediately with prescribed eye drops. This helps in reducing the formation of fluid in the eye / increases its outflow. If the eye pressure does not get controlled, a surgery may be recommended to prevent temporary or permanent loss of vision wherein a new channel to drain the fluid and ease eye pressure is created.
If you experience symptoms like severe headache, eye pain, vomiting sensation or rainbow coloured circles near bright lights, do get in touch with us at Aayush Eye Clinic to get yourself examined clinically and to understand the treatment needed, if any.