Cosmetic Eye procedures bring dramatic results, improved eye health and personal well-being. Blepharoplasty is one such Oculoplastic procedures performed on the eye to repair the droopy eyelids. It is derived from a greek word blepharon meaning "eyelid" and plassein meaning "to form"
Why it's done?
Although an expert assessment of your eye is mandatory before making a decision, but it can be explored if you experience any of the following;
• Baggy or droopy upper eyelids
• Bags under your eyes
• Excess skin on the lower eyelids
• Excess skin on the upper eyelids that interferes with your peripheral vision
Blepharoplasty can be clubbed with other Oculoplastic procedures, such as a brow lift, face-lift or skin resurfacing.
It involve removing excess skin, muscle and fat. As a person ages, the eyelids stretch making the muscles supporting them weak. This results into excessive fat collection around the eyelids, causing sagging of eyebrows, bags under the eyes and droopy upper lids. It not only makes one look older but extensive sagging of skin around the eyes can also hamper side vision also called peripheral vision. Blepharoplasty helps minimise or eliminate these vision issues and improves the alertness of the eye besides making them look younger.
Detailed consultation with the Oculoplastic surgeon is needed before the surgery to include: discussion around your medical history, expectations from the surgery, physical examination, vision assessment and eyelid photography.
Other important aspects are to understand the list of medicines permitted before and after the surgery, stop smoking several weeks before your surgery as it can adversely impact the healing process, plan to have someone drive you back home and also have a care taker on the first night post the surgery.
Blepharoplasty is usually done in an outpatient setting with a local anaesthesia that is administered into your eyelids and intravenous medication is provided to help you relax.
In case the surgery is required on both lower and upper eyelids then the surgeon generally works on the upper lids first. A cut is made along the fold of the eyelid, excess skin, muscle and possibly fat is removed and then the cut is closed. For the lower lid, the cut is made just below the lashes or inside the lower lid, excess fat, muscle and sagging skin is removed, and the cut is closed.
Blepharoplasty is performed with a procedure called ptosis in case the upper eyelid droops very close to the pupil; this offers additional support to the eyebrow muscle.
After the procedure
Since it is an outpatient procedure, you can leave later in the day, however you will be monitored for any complications in the recovery room immediately after the surgery.