Ageing is not limited to just wrinkles, grey hair or aches and pain in the body.
There are a number of eye conditions that are linked to ageing including Cataract, Age related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) and GLAUCOMA .The good news is that there is evidence that suggests that keeping yourself in good health as you age decreases the probability of eye problems.
It is recommended that all adults of age 40 must have a comprehensive eye examination. The outcome of this evaluation can serve as a benchmark for the future years.
Here is a small set of lifestyle changes that will go a long way in ensuring better eye health with ageing.
- Stop Smoking
Statistics reveal that people who smoke or have smoked in the past have a significantly higher risk of developing ARMD; almost 4 time more than a regular individual. The studies also suggest that smoking increases risks due to several reasons including cellular changes, oxidative stress and vascular constriction.
- Maintain a healthy weight
Obesity not only affects your heart, blood pressure and blood sugar but also your eyes and vision.
It is found that obesity increases the risk of glaucoma, due to increased fluid build-up inside the eye as well as from the effects of high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and insulin resistance. Obesity also increases the risk of ARMD which may be due to increasing inflammation and oxidative stress in the eyes.
- Slip on the Shades
People with fair skin and light eyes have a much higher risk of developing cataracts. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light increases the risk of ARMD as the increased UV light is thought to cause changes in the metabolism of the cells in the retina and lens.
It is a good idea to have your sunglasses wrap around your face so as to protect against UV-A and UV-B wavelengths.
- Be Active
Exercise is known to have a host of benefits. Studies indicate that people who are physically active and consumed alcohol in limited quantity experienced less vision loss over 20 years than those who didn’t exercise at all.
So get moving and embrace these simple lifestyle changes to stay “Eye Healthy”.
For any questions or clarifications, Dr Nita Shah at Aayush Eye Clinic is just a phone call away.