Just like in other parts of the body, eyes too, can develop tumours. The tumours may be benign or malignant, that is, they may stay localised in the eye, or spread outside. Eye tumours can threaten the eyesight, and even have serious effect on health and life. Ocular oncology is the speciality dealing with eye tumours. Most eye tumours are easily visible changes. They can be identified and recognised at an early stage. Treatment can be started early, and save the eye and life of the patient.
Ocular oncology is a niche area of ophthalmology with only a handful of experts across the country. Dr Akshay G. Nair, part of the team of doctors at Aayush Eye Clinic is trained in ocular oncology at L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India and New York Eye & Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, NY, USA.
Ocular Oncology encompasses all tumours - benign and malignant that can affect every part of the eye - the eyelid, conjunctiva, choroid, retina, optic nerves and the orbit as well.
One of the commonest tumours of the eye occurs in children and is called ‘Retinoblastoma’. The second most common intra-ocular cancer is Choroidal Melanoma which largely occurs among adults. These tumours grow inside the eye and can present with decreased vision.