Vernal Kerato conjunctivitis or Spring Catarrh is a recurrent, bilateral and self-limiting inflammation of the conjunctiva and has a periodic seasonal incidence. It is characterized by burning and itching sensations that is accentuated in a warm and humid atmosphere and is most often seen in the spring and summer months. It can also be caused by an allergic reaction due to chlorine in swimming pools, cigarette smoke, and ingredients in cosmetics. It frequently occurs in persons between 4 and 20 years and is more common in boys than girls.
Symptoms of this condition include:
• Irritated, painful, itchy eyes
• Burning sensation in the eyes
• Excessive tearing
• Swollen eyes (especially the area around the edge of the cornea where the cornea meets the sclera, or white of the eye)
• Pink or red eyes
• Sensitivity to bright light
• Blurry vision
• Eyelids that are rough, bumpy, and have white mucus (especially inside the upper lids)
Mild cases of conjunctivitis can be treated with cold compresses and lubricating eye drops. For more severe cases, antihistamines or anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed.
Most people find relief from their allergy symptoms when the weather turns colder or if they can avoid the allergen. If your condition becomes chronic, it can affect your vision or scar your cornea, which is the outermost layer of the eye that protects the eyes from dust, germs, and other harmful agents.
If your symptoms do not improve with home care, worsen or begin to interfere with your vision, make an appointment to see your eye doctor, allergist, or primary care physician to avoid long-term complications.