Ptosis, pronounced (Toe-sis), refers to the drooping of the eyelid that can occur in one or both eyes. It is a condition often noticed when the upper lid descends over the entire pupil. It is known as unilateral Ptosis and bilateral Ptosis when it affects both eyes. Some people live with this condition from birth, known as congenital Ptosis or acquired Ptosis when developed later in life. The sagging of the upper lid not only affects the appearance of the person but impacts vision too. This condition leads to other eye related issues such as dry eyes and watery eyes because of the ineffective functioning of the eyelids. Ptosis can be resolved naturally or in certain cases, one may need medical help.
What causes Ptosis?
Droopy eyelids, an unbiased condition can occur in men and women, to anyone irrespective of ethnicities. The levator muscle lifts the lid of the eye and with age, this may stretch causing the eye lid to droop. However, there are cases where kids are born with it and other times it may be due to some trauma. In the case of children who are born with this condition they may also develop Amblyopia (lazy eye) that can seriously impact vision. The other causes for droopy eyelids could be a stroke, brain tumor or cancer of the nerves and muscles. Certain neurological causes could trigger Ptosis. The best way to find the cause is from your visit to the ophthalmologist. By doing a complete eye-exam, blood test, or X-Rays in some cases, the cause may be detected.
Depending on the cause and severity of Ptosis, the patient will be treated. The treatment involves tightening the muscle to lift the lid from the eye. If this condition has escalated to astigmatism or lazy eye, your ophthalmologist will perform the necessary treatment required to cure you of these eye problems. In most cases, the drooping doesn't cause any harm but, people do opt for plastic surgery to get rid of the drooping. However, if the eyelid obstructs your vision, then you need medical assistance. Other solutions could be glasses that hold the eyelid up or Ptosis crutch especially for patients that aren't good candidates for surgery. Ptosis crutch are of two types, both of these are non-surgical options in the form of attachments to the frames of glasses.
Make an immediate visit to the ophthalmologist if the following happens:-
• Ptosis suddenly develops over a period of days
• Experiencing weakness in the arms, legs, double vision
• Eye infection and redness in eye with droopy eyelids
Some patients opt for surgery and while they decide to do so, it is recommended that they inform the ophthalmologist of the medicines and past treatments received for this condition.