Dry eye syndrome is caused by a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Its consequences range from subtle but constant irritation to inflammation of the anterior (front) tissues of the eye. Dry eyes are also described by the medical term, Keratitis sicca, which generally means decreased quality or quantity of tears. Keratoconjunctivitissicca refers to eye dryness affecting both the cornea and the conjunctiva. Although it may seem odd, dry eye syndrome can also cause watery eyes. This is because dryness on the eye's surface sometimes will over stimulate production of the watery component of your tears as a protective mechanism.
Some of the symptoms for Dry Eyes
• Foreign body sensation
• Scratchy, gritty eyes
• Aching or sore eyes
• Burning eyes
• Watery eyes
• Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
• Eyes tire easily, particularly while reading, watching displayscreens
• Contact lens discomfort or intolerance
• Excessive mucus discharge
• Eyes easily irritated by smoke, allergens, fragrances, etc.
• Fluctuating vision
The Dry Eye syndrome is a progressive condition and is not completely curable except for certain aspects of it that can be managed. For example, many people suffer from itchiness, burning sensation, and dryness; to treat these uncomfortable conditions, a number of treatments are available.
This holds true especially for eyes that are constantly viewing screens either over the phone, laptop, television, computer, etc for several reasons. In such cases, individuals while looking at screen get so engrossed and focused at the expense of forgetting to blink. This occurring on a frequent basis can hamper the health of the eye and not provide the cornea with enough lubrication leaving it dry on numerous instances. Artificial tears and other over-the-counter lubricating drops are a quick save to moist the eye. A range of artificial tears products are sold depending on the condition of dry eyes.
Drugs to reduce inflammation
According to the recent research, doctors have discovered inflammation as one of the reasons provoking this condition. To combat this state, Steroid Eye drops are used to manage these symptoms for a short term. A number of Steroid Eye Drops are available with different potential to solve respective conditions. However, these drops must not be used on a long term basis as it could trigger a case of cataract.
This is a sterile device for the tears to remain on the surface of the eye for a longer period of time. These are tear drainage ducts placed in the inner corner of the upper and lower eyelids. The tear film ensures the tears don’t drain out quickly and they stay intact longer on the surface. Eventually these tears evaporate and in some conditions if it triggers watery eyes, these plugs must be taken off.
Serum Eye Drops
In certain cases where the other medications have failed to come through, the popular serum eye drops have helped. These are eye drops made from the same blood group of the individual who requires it. This eye drop is especially for those who are suffering from a severe condition of the dry eye.
Nutrition and Hydration
Doctors sometimes recommend special nutritional supplements for dry eyes. Studies have found that supplements containing omega-3 fatty acids can decrease dry eye symptoms.Good sources of omega-3s include cold-water fish, such as sardines, cod, herring and salmon. Some eye doctors also recommend flaxseed oil to relieve dry eye.Drinking more water can help, too.